List of schengen and non-schengen countries in Europe 2018

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The European Union (EU) is a group of 28 nations in Europe, formed in the aftermath of World War II. The first batch of countries joined in 1957, which included Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and The Netherlands.

In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the UK joined. Greece joined in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986 and Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. In 2004, 9 countries were added, 2 more in 2007, and finally Croatia in 2013 to bring the total to 28.

19 of the EU countries are also part of the Eurozone, which is a union of countries that have adopted the Euro as their official currency.

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The Schengen Area includes 22 of the

28 EU countries, and entitles citizens of participating nations to travel freely between them. It also includes a few non-EU nations: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The area operates as a single nation with a uniform visa policy for purposes of international travel.

Country Schengen Eurozone Accession Date
Austria  Yes  Yes January 1, 1995
Belgium  Yes  Yes March 25, 1957
Bulgaria  No  No January 1, 2007
Croatia  No  No July 1, 2013
Cyprus  No  Yes May 1, 2004
Czech Republic   Yes  No May 1, 2004
Denmark   Yes  No January 1, 1973
Estonia   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Finland   Yes   Yes January 1, 1995
France   Yes   Yes March 25, 1957
Germany   Yes   Yes March 25, 1957
Greece   Yes   Yes January 1, 1981
Hungary   Yes  No May 1, 2004
Ireland  No   Yes January 1, 1973
Italy   Yes   Yes March 25, 1957
Latvia   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Lithuania   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Luxembourg   Yes   Yes March 25, 1957
Malta   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Netherlands   Yes   Yes March 25, 1957
Poland   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Portugal   Yes   Yes January 1, 1986
Romania  No  No January 1, 2007
Slovakia   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Slovenia   Yes   Yes May 1, 2004
Spain  Yes   Yes January 1, 1986
Sweden  Yes  Yes January 1, 1995
United Kingdom  No  No January 1, 1973

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